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The number of refugees has been increasing since 2009; therefore, more support is needed to respond to humanitarian needs of this increasing number.

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Actual progress

  • 9,207 PoCs served with water in Nakivale
  • MV Misiera power line, works 100% completed and the plant is already using Hydro electric Power to produce water.
  • 8,027 PoCs  and host community served with water

Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

PUBLISHED — 24-April-2017

Nsamizi to ensure supply of portable water to all Persons of Concern

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) is the second greatest priority for humanitarian attention. The water supply in Nakivale is a major challenge due to unreliability, insufficiency, deteriorating quality of the raw water high level of chemical contamination of the ground water and high operation and maintenance due to fragmentation of the water system. The current water facilities in the Nakivale settlement are comprised of piped water from three water treatment plants, 30 boreholes, 27 shallow wells, two motorized boreholes, and rainwater harvesting systems in institutions which amount to an average water availability of 16 l/p/d. Although this appears to be close to the UNHCR standard, the water is highly rationed with expensive production costs and support to even the 1% portion benefiting from water trucking. For all refugee settlements in Uganda, the pipe work coverage is still low and a big section of the beneficiaries still travel long distances to fetch water. More still on water production, it is evident in the settlements of Nakivale and Oruchinga that water is not available 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. This is as a result of the rationing that is done as a result of low production.

The current situation of the WASH systems in Nakivale does not have sustainable operation and maintenance models. This is most important part on any WASH project given that their operation and maintenance are extremely expensive in buying the inputs for water treatment, system extensions and repairs and payment for personnel. More to that, with future plans of the greater Kagera water system planned by the Ministry of Water and Environment and our future need for handing over the settlement water system to the National Water and Sewerage cooperation management, the existing system layout poses a big hindrance.